应用经济学讲座

发布日期:2018-10-24 09:12:58    来源:北京大学国家发展研究院

讲座时间:2018年12月7日(周五)上午10:00—12:00

讲座地点:北京大学国家发展研究院万众楼二楼

讲座主题:Provincial valuations of human capital in urban China, inter-provincial inequality and the implicit value of a Guangdong hukou

This paper assesses regional inequality in urban China. It predicts earnings for each worker in multiple provinces, compares provinces of residence and maximum predicted earnings, and estimates predicted relocation gains. It presents a reference comparison for the U.S. in 1940. Only 7.4% of U.S. workers predicted maximum earnings outside their home divisions that exceeded predicted home division earnings by more than 20%. In contrast, in 1988, 1995, 2002, 2008 and 2013, respectively, 45%, 54%, 74%, 57% and 42% of urban Chinese workers predicted maximum earnings outside their home provinces that exceeded predicted home province earnings by more than 50%. These potential gains were equivalent to the earnings gains from at least seven years of additional schooling. If workers had received maximum predicted earnings, average earnings would have been greater by between 42% and 83% and interpersonal inequality would have been less in all but 2013. If they had received maximum predicted earnings in their home provinces, inter-provincial inequality would have vanished. Predicted earnings were generally greatest in Guangdong, most strikingly in the earliest years.

讲座教授:Prof. Jeffrey S Zax, University of Colorado Boulder

Dr. Zax, PhD, Harvard University, 1984, is a professor specializing in labor economics, public economics, and urban economics. He has published papers on the effects of residential segregation on black labor market behavior; the effects of unions in the local sector on wages, employment, and expenditures; and the effects of regulation on the rate of unionization. He is currently studying income determination and inequality, incomes, discrimination and fertility in China, comparable worth policies, military marriage subsidies, and small business credit markets.

讲座主持:刘国恩 北京大学国发院长江学者特聘教授

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