题目：Children's Education and Parental Cognitive Aging
Cognitive functioning is important during the life course in shaping our decision making, health and well-being with substantial economic consequence. This paper investigates the effect of promoting children’s education on parents’ cognitive aging. Using multiple waves of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, we first disentangle the longitudinal measures of cognition into baseline cognitive deficit and rate of cognitive decline. Exploiting the temporal and geographic variations in the compulsory schooling law enforcement, we show that children’s education not only reduces level of cognitive deficit among older parents, but smooths their trajectories of cognitive decline. The within-family heterogeneity can be explained by living arrangement, informal care, financial transfer, decision-making support, preventive care, healthcare utilization, caring for grandchildren, etc. This new evidence offers insights into the intergenerational spillover effect of education, stresses the importance of lifting literacy in improving accuracy of cognitive diagnosing, and provides policy options to delay cognitive aging and related diseases.
Xi Chen is an associate professor of Health Policy and Economics at Yale University. He obtained a Ph.D. in Applied Economics from Cornell University. His research endeavors focus on improving public policies on population aging, life course health, and global health systems. He teaches quantitative research methods and U.S.-China Health Systems at Yale. Dr. Chen is a consultant at the United Nations, Research Fellow at IZA Institute of Labor Economics, Cluster Head at the Global Labor Organization, former President of the China Health Policy and Management Society, and NIH’s Butler-Williams Scholar. Dr. Chen's federal and NGO funded work has resulted in 75 peer-reviewed articles in major science, economics, public health, and medical journals, recognized through numerous awards, such as the Claude D. Pepper Scholar Award, the George Warren Award, and the Kuznets Prize, and widely covered in global media.
For more information about Dr. Chen’s work: https://sites.google.com/site/xichennj/